By His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedānta Swami Prabhupāda
Vyāsadeva, under the instruction of his spiritual master, Nārada, he meditated in bhakti-yoga, and he saw the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Apaśyat puruṣaṁ pūrṇam. Pūrṇam means complete… Pūrṇaṁ puruṣaṁ māyāṁ ca tad-apāśrayam. And he saw māyā also, but māyā is not conquering over him. Because Kṛṣṇa is pūrṇam, māyā cannot conquer. In full light there cannot be darkness. Any amount of darkness you put before the sunshine, there is no possibility… It cannot stand. Within the sun globe, within the orbit of the sun, any amount of… Because the sun globe is so big and the orbit is so big that the whole universal darkness you bring there, there will be no darkness. Just imagine. It is not imagine; it is fact. The universal darkness, all the darkness of the universe, you bring before the sun, it will not effect. It cannot effect. Because the sun is full light. It is not that imitation light. Here we have got this imitation light. The big amount of cloud is there. Immediately it will be dark. But sunlight is full light. Similarly, Kṛṣṇa is pūrṇa-puruṣam.
The Māyāvādī philosophers, they think that when Kṛṣṇa comes, He reduces His energy; therefore He also becomes covered by māyā. This is called Māyāvāda. Māyāvāda means the māyā has covered everything, so māyā has covered Kṛṣṇa also. This is Māyāvāda philosophy. “Because māyā has covered me, you and everyone, therefore māyā has covered Kṛṣṇa. Unless Kṛṣṇa, or the Absolute Truth, Brahman, becomes covered by māyā, He cannot take a form.” This is Māyāvādī philosophy. As we have taken form, because the prakṛti, material nature, has helped us to take this form, similarly, their philosophy is, even the Absolute Truth, Brahman, He incarnates, He accepts a body of this material nature.
But that is not the fact. Kṛṣṇa said, sambhavāmy ātma-māyayā (BG 4.6): “I am not external energy. I come in My own energy.” And the Māyāvādī philosophers, they do not understand. Avajānanti māṁ mūḍhāḥ. Therefore they have been described as mūḍhāḥ, asses, fools, rascal. Avajānanti māṁ mūḍhā mānuṣīṁ tanum āśritam (BG 9.11): “Because I have come here in the form of a human being, they take it for acceptance that ‘Kṛṣṇa is another human being.’ ” But that is not fact. Here, if one sees Kṛṣṇa through bhakti-yoga as Vyāsadeva saw, bhakti-yogena manasi… (SB 1.7.4). Mind must be saturated with bhakti-yoga. Then you can see the Supreme Person pūrṇam, not affected by māyā. Apaśyat puruṣaṁ pūrṇam. And so far māyā is concerned, although māyā is very influential, that’s all right… Apāśrayam: standing at the background, cannot come in front. Just like the same example: the darkness cannot come in front of… You stand before, facing your mouth towards the sun, the darkness will be the background, not in front. Similarly, the darkness, māyā, cannot stand before Kṛṣṇa. She is always behind. Māyāṁ ca tad-apāśrayam.