By His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda
The aim is to satisfy Vishnu. We should always remember this fact, that we are eternally servant, part and parcel of Krishna, or Vishnu. As I have given many times the example, there are so many parts of the body, but what are they meant for? To satisfy the belly. You are walking, you are catching, you are thinking, you are doing so many things—what is the aim? The aim is satisfy the stomach. You cook, you earn hard money, and then you purchase goods and cook nicely and put it into the stomach. Is it not?
There is a story in the Hitopadeśa: Udarendriyānām. udara means this belly, abdomen, and indriya means senses. All the different parts of the body, hands, legs, fingers and everyone, they held a meeting, that “We are working day and night, and this rascal abdomen is sitting down and eating only. He is doing nothing. We are collecting everything, and putting into the stomach, and he is eating, very…, sitting nice. So strike: ‘We shall not work.’ So strike.” Udara said, “All right, you strike. What can I do? I cannot work. You can strike.” So they did not work. “Did not work” means there was no food given to the stomach. They…, gradually they became weak. The indriyas, the different parts of the body, they became weak, because if there is…, if you do not eat, naturally you shall be… Then again, next meeting they held that “What is this? Why we are becoming weak?” Then they decided that “The stomach must be given, sir. We have to work.”
This is our position. Krishna is bhoktā (enjoyer), and we are parts and parcel of Krishna. That means we have to work for Krishna. This is a fact. If you don’t work for Krishna, then you’ll starve. That is the position. But these rascals, they do not know. Na te viduh svārtha-gatim hi vishnum [SB 7.5.31]. Exactly in the same way as these rascals, different parts of the body, limbs, they did not know that “Without satisfying the stomach, we shall die,” similarly these rascals, these karmīs, those who have come to this material world, they do not know that without Krishna consciousness, without satisfying Krishna, they’ll simply starve. Struggle for existence. Kliśyanti. Simply their labor will be frustrated. That is the philosophy.
These rascals, they are thinking that “Without Krishna, without Krishna consciousness, without satisfying Krishna, we shall adjust by this material advancement.” That is durāśayā. It will never be possible, sir …if you don’t take to Krishna consciousness. Therefore this very word is used – durāśayā. “āśā” means hope. So this is a wrong hope. You cannot. The same example: If combined together, all the senses, they pass resolution—”Not to give any food to the stomach, and we shall be easier, not to work so hard”—but that is durāśayā. That is not possible. You are hoping wrongly. That is not possible.
[An excerpt from a lecture on the Srimad Bhagavatam 1.8.36 delivered on October 16, 1974 in Mayapur, West Bengal, India]