The sons of Pāndu were called Pandavas whereas the sons of Dhrtarāstra were known as Kauravas, even though both Pāndu and Dhrtarāstra were brothers and belonged to the same Kuru family. Then why is it that the sons of Pandu were not referred to as Kauravas (the descendants of King Kuru)?
Srila Prabhupāda, in a lecture delivered in Mayapur on Oct 21, 1974, touched upon this interesting subject matter. He explained,
“From the husband’s side, Kuntīdevī, the mother of the Pandavas, belonged to the Kuru family. Later on, the sons of Pāndu became Pāndavas because Dhrtarāstra wanted toseparate them from the Kuru family. Both, Dhrtarāstra’s family and Pāndu’s family belonged to King Kuru’s family. But because Dhrtarāstra was very much anxious to separate the Pāndavas, or the sons of his younger brother, Pāndu, from the family, they came to be known as Pāndavas. And Dhrtarāstra’s own sons were known as Kurus.”